Part of the immovable cultural heritage are both modern buildings and residential ensembles or individual parts of buildings and ensembles that are defined as historical or traditional and are characterized by particular morphological, architectural and structural features. Widespread fires in cities are now a relatively rare phenomenon, as modern infrastructure, sophisticated construction methods and the existence of open and uncovered spaces minimize the risk of occurrence and spread of the phenomenon.
However, both in Greece and in Europe, historical parts of cities and settlements are recorded whose morphology is characterized by the dense and anarchic development of the urban fabric as well as by the traditional way of construction of buildings, parts of which are made of flammable and vulnerable materials. Due to their special historical and cultural character, these cases of settlements and parts of cities often show great tourist traffic and intense cultural activity throughout the year. The traditional way of building that incorporates flammable construction materials, has as a consequence the increased risk of occurrence and spread of fire. In addition, the dense construction and organic development of traditional settlements and historic parts of cities, make it difficult for immediate intervention and safe evacuation of residents and visitors.
The occurrence of fire in these areas can cause serious irreversible material and structural damage. Even in the case of small-scale disasters, their restoration usually requires the preparation of time-consuming and high-cost restoration and maintenance work, which in addition is required to comply with the instructions of cultural heritage management bodies (e.g. Ephorates of Modern Monuments, Ephorates of Antiquities, etc.).
The proposed project aims to:
The optimization of management and in the protection of the cultural reserve.
Reduce the risk of fire in traditional and protected settlements.
The training, effective coordination and support of the competent services for the effective response to fire incidents.
The protection and guidance of residents and visitors.
Reducing material damage to historic buildings, historic housing estates and cultural heritage sites.
Strengthening of the cultural and tourist activity in harmony with the special requirements of protection of the historical settlements.
To achieve the objectives of the project, the implementation of the ESTIA solution is envisaged, an integrated platform for forecasting, detecting and managing crises related to the risk of fire within a residential environment that is part of the immovable cultural heritage.
ESTIA consists of cooperating autonomous subsystems and parties ensuring a wide range of application through the ability to adapt the solution to the specific requirements of each installation and seeking to meet a wide range of stakeholders.
Also, the different parts of the platform ensure different and complementary uses and functions, making ESTIA a single and complete solution that is useful at all stages of the protection of the immovable cultural heritage.
Incorporating an advanced system for predicting the development of complex phenomena (fire spread and crowd behavior) the platform is an effective tool both in risk assessment and in the training of personnel operating in the field of the incident. The platform also offers an effective detection system which, combined with a decision support system, offers valuable assistance in managing and dealing with risk.
The ESTIA project is co-financed by the European Union and national resources through the OP. Competitiveness, Entrepreneurship & Innovation (EPANEK) (project code: T1EDK-03582) in the framework of the Action RESEARCH – CREATE – INNOVATE.